Shaking up grammar by Lesli Anne Hendra- live notes from Anadolu University

About the presenter:


Leslie Anne Hendra is a teacher and teacher trainer, who spent fifteen years teaching and writing in-house course materials in Japan and four years teaching and training at International House London. Co-author of the adult English course English Unlimited (pub. Cambridge University Press), she has given talks and workshops across Europe and in Japan on various aspects of English language teaching. She has an M.A. from the University of Toronto, Canada, and lives in London and Largs, Scotland.


Activating grammatical structures is really difficult for students whereas this is just the contrary for the vocabulary. This presentation is about how to activate grammar- we need to shake it a little bit.

Real-life application, natural contexts, recontextualisation and supportive presentation help your students to activate grammar better.

To make grammatical structure more meaningful;

Make recommendations or complain about goods or services, because this will grab the attention of your learners.

Being artificial in giving examples about the structures you are teaching can be noticed by your students. Real life contexts help them more, because these examples are more learner friendly.

For lower level students you can only help them elicit more by giving real life examples.

For elementary students while teaching present perfect tense; doing this activity will be generating different ideas:

Happy to say that, I’ve never………

After filling the blank part, students can get into a conversation easily because belive me there will be interesting answers, such as… İ’ve never gottten martied, İ’ve never been in jail….

A teacher should be able to adapt the course book according to the pace and level of his-her class.

Leslie also mentioned Corpus which is a large and structured set of texts. They are used to do Statistical analysis and hypothesis testing, Checking occurences and validating roles in a specific universe.

Anyway, while teaching we need to make our students aware of the things  they are learning. They can be thougt to make connections between their own language and the target language by the teacher by giving appropriate-real life examples.

Getting help from some particular websites that you know such as while teaching used to or the other structures will make your lesson more meaningful.

For higher level students like B2 level students, you don’t need to highlight all the items on a text to show them the structure. You can push them harder to think about the structures and find them in the passage. But if they need a little support you can highlight some items in the passage.

Moreover, with B2 level studentsyou can draw thir attention to High frequency passive structures such as;

……was built by…..

……was so impressed by..x.. that..



And you can let our students create a story of their own by using these structures.

CEFR is all about real life language. Even for a1a2 while getting chunks of grammar, after using them in real life situations they may feel adult.

This presentation was really helpful for me just to remember some helful tips?

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  1. Having read this I thought it was very informative. I appreciate you spending some time and
    energy to put this content together. I once again find myself personally spending way too much time both reading and posting comments.
    But so what, it was still worth it!

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